The presentation will be showcasing a range of design solutions which will contribute to the reduction of the operational carbon on a major rail station project. The examples will be focus on the reduction of the operational carbon and where needed a comparation against the embodied carbon will be reviewed.

The following specific examples will be covered under the presentation:

  • Thermal design criteria for transient spaces in rail stations.
  1. Station Platform and Concourse – Design of thermal and emergency ventilation systems.
  2. Ground Source Heating and Cooling Systems and waste heat opportunities.
Photovoltaics panels – embodied vs operational carbon.


Armand is a Senior Mechanical Engineer with more than 14 years’ experience within Arup. Armand has strong experience on large scale rail and aviation infrastructure projects.

With experience in the design of HVAC and emergency ventilations systems as well as sustainability for infrastructure and building projects. His infrastructure experience includes underground stations, airports and underground road design.

Armand has experience in refurbishment, educational, commercial and health care building projects. He has gathered international experience by working in Hong Kong, Barcelona and London for public and private clients. He has worked in multidisciplinary projects encompassing a range of ambient conditions in Hong Kong, Cambodia, the UAE and UK.

Armand has led Mechanical and Sustainability teams during design and construction stage to deliver projects to high sustainability standards.